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欧·亨利短篇小说的艺术结尾与人性体现

Abstrat
. Henry, ne f the three st faus shrt-stry riters in the rld, enjys equal status ith hekhv and aupassant. Se ritis alled hi “the funder f Aerian stries.” Exquisite plt, ry hur and tist ending dinate his rks. The ain strea f his rks is eulgy f huanity and his any lassial rks are ntable.
This thesis ainly analyses the tist ending and the huanity f haraters in . Henry’s shrt stries. ith his hurus, irnial and i riting style, . Henry reveals the huanity fr the tist ending. Part ne is n the huanity f haraters refleted fr the tist ending. . Henry shs sypathy fr the pr sial underdgs, upgrades huan virtues as ell as expses huan defeats. Hever , the previus huan nature eliits the sudden tist ending. It nt nly gives the readers sudden fall but als akes us think plausibly. Part t is n the effet f tist ending riting devies n the huanity f haraters. It ainly ntains the riting bakgrund f ending hih lights up the huanity f haraters and the plt aking tehnique f tist ending. In a apitalist siety, the speifi haraters are the speial siety. They als fretell the fate ending. Furtherre, the ultivatin f the plt and the surprise ending gives us a ne pen sight. Part three is abut se ents n the tist ending. Se ritis nsidered ry hur as “Sile ith Tears,” r “Tears ith Sile.” This part elevates the har f the thee. In a rd, the tist ending direts readers t think abut the huanity. eanhile, the huanity elevates the artisti tist ending.
This thesis n . Henry’s shrt stries ill iprve literary learning. re than that it ill attrat re peple t pay attentin t . Henry’s rks.
Key rds: Tist ending; Huanity; ry hur; Sile ith tear

中文摘要
作为世界三大小说家之一,欧·亨利与契诃夫和莫泊桑齐名。他是美国 现代 短篇小说的开创者,他的作品因其奇巧的 艺术 构思、出其不意的结尾而著称。其中歌颂人性的小说是欧·亨利文学创作的主流,并且许多作品已成为家喻户晓的名篇。同时涌现出许多感人至深的经典人物。表现了作家对人性理想的执著追求。
本文从欧·亨利短篇小说的艺术结尾与人性层面 分析 。作者运用了幽默、讽刺的喜剧手段揭示了关于善恶的人性主题及其出奇不意的结尾,让主题升华。第一部分,从艺术结尾中折射的人性特点出发。欧·亨利同情下层人民,赞颂人性的闪光点“自我牺牲”、善良、真挚、无私等美德,以及人性的丑陋一面。还有资本主义 社会 所特有的自私、贪婪、冷酷等。这些为艺术结尾作了铺垫,使读者被其出奇不意的结尾所震撼,同时其结尾在情理之中。第二部分,作者如何将艺术结尾表现在人性上,从两方面入手:社会背景所反映的人性特征和作者奇巧的谋篇布局。在资本主义社会,人物具有典型的性格特征,这些都预示了他们的结局。而作者通过各种手法将其跃然纸上。第三部分,评论小说的艺术结尾,作者的作品也曾被认为是庸俗的小说,但他们忽视了艺术结尾所饱含的荒诞与幽默所产生的“含笑带泪”和“含泪带笑”的艺术效果。总之,艺术结尾激发了人们对人性特点深思,而人性特点又升华了艺术结尾,对读者的心灵产生了持久的震撼力。
本文对欧·亨利及其短篇小说进行的 研究 ,对本人今后的文学路有一定的帮助。而且,可以让更多的人关注到欧·亨利。
关键词: 艺术结尾; 人性; 幽默; 带泪的微笑


Ⅰ. Intrdutin
. Henry, riginally naed illia Sydney Prter, is a distinguished Aerian stryriter. He rte re than 300 shrt stries in his life. His stries are full f lrful haraters st f h are derived fr his inlinatin t ander streets and parks, and t talk t peple f every kind and nditin. And all f his stries are ingeniusly nEived, ith the endings alays ntrary t readers' expetatins. Thugh his stries' endings are alays surprising, yet it is nt beynd reasn, fr bth ays nfr ell t the lgi f life. He reates an riginal, typially Aerian derati fr f shrt stries ith, at its best, a valuable ritial aareness f life and siety tellingly expressed thrugh hur. Therefre, se ritis all hi "the funder f Aerian stries". Being gifted ith hur and a keen aareness f details, he bjetively shs us hat Aeria lks like. As his experiene shs, the ajrity peple he et in his daily life are thse ler lass in siety ---- lerks, plieen, and aitresses. All his stries putting tgether nstitute a true panraa f Aerian life, r as sene said, "The enylpedia f Aerian life". [1](P61)

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欧·亨利短篇小说的艺术结尾与人性体现

Abstrat . Henry, ne f the three st faus shrt-stry riters in the rld, enjys equal status ith hekhv and aupassant. Se ritis alled hi “the funder f Aerian stries.” Exquisite plt, ry hur and tist ending dinate his rks. The ain strea f his rk
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