免费论文
收费论文
发表论文
我要投稿
设为首页 招标网
联系我们
经济学|管理学|法学|计算机|医学|教育|文学|政治|艺术|哲学|更多 经济学|管理学|法律|计算机|医学|教育|文学|政治|艺术|哲学|更多
 论文搜索
  推荐服务: 论文发表 收费论文
期刊论文格式
毕业论文格式
期刊论文范文
毕业论文范文
论文致谢
毕业论文答辩
开题报告
论文选题
英文摘要书写
近代中国国内公债史研究
作者:潘国琪   时间:2007/11/21 22:51:00  来源:论文天下论文网
【内容提要】自20世纪30年代以来,关于近代中国内债史的研究已经取得了一定的成绩,但也存在着一些值得注意的问题,主要有四:(1)迫切需要对近代中国内债问题作一个系统、专门的研究,使相关的专著能早日面世;(2)必须联系近代中国的政治经济和军事的发展来研究近代中国内债;(3)应该拓宽近代中国内债史的研究领域,深化研究的层面;(4)应运用现代公债理论来分析近代中国内债史,为今天国债政策的制定提供借鉴。

【摘 要 题】近代经济史

【英文摘要】Public debt, which had had profound influences on the finance and banking as well as economy of all Chinese governments before 1949, was obviously a very important problem in China' s modem history of economy. Researches into China's external public debt have been started early enough in the academic community that a lot of related scientific achievements have been scored. On the contrary, however, there have been few special or systematic researches regarding the public debt in modem China. So, it is highly necessary to enhance the said researches. The public or internal debt in question means the total amount of money borrowed by all the previous central governments of modem China or by local governments with the approval of the central government, including (1) public bonds issued by the Ministry of Finance, those issued by the Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Communication and the Commission of Construction as well as some other relevant departments of the central government, and (2) government bonds and treasury bonds as well as debtsbased on contracts and agreements. While researches on China's internal debt started as early as the 1930s were far form being perfect, those that have been conducted by contemporary scholars are just oriented towards historical periods and special subjects. So far little has been achieved in terms of comprehensive researches. Scholars failed to pay due attention to the researches during the long period from the founding of new China through the 1980s, in which was published only one monograph entitled Materials Regarding the History of Old China's Public Debt(translated name)compiled by Qian Jiaju. It was not until after the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the CPC that scholars began to show interest in researches into the history of modem China's internal debt. With the researches deepening, they have tended to reach objective and fair conclusions. For example, Jin Pusen, who made a more active and impartial judgment of the pre-war (1937-1945)10-year policies regarding the internal debt of the then government than ever before. He appraised the policies positively while pinpointing its class limitations. From the 1930s on, certain progress was made in this regard, which provides a good foundation for the further research on this topic. Nevertheless, there have ever since been quite a few problems and weaknesses that deserve attention, mainly including: Firstly, as Wu Jingping pointed out, although the internal debt is part of the contents of all almost textbooks on modem Chinese history and contemporary Chinese history, works on the periodic history of the Republic of China, and other textbooks and monographs on the history of economy, finance, or banking, there is a lack of systematic and special researches except for the above-mentioned book by Qian Jiaju. Secondly, there is a tendency of doing researches out of context. Instead, they should be carried out in the broader context-the then political, economic and financial context-according to the fundamental Marxist principles on productive forces and relations of production, and the economic base and the superstructure. We should, through political and economic criticism, judge the nature and use of the internal debt and find out the different characteristics of modem China's internal debt from those of the capitalist internal debt and socialist China's internal debt. For example, modem China's internal debt contributed to the survival and consolidation of the governments; it was chiefly for a non-productive purpose; it became one of the causes for the lopsided development of the banking industry; and it was known for its bad credit. Thirdly, The research area is limited. We should expand the research area, including not merely the rules on the issuance of government loans but also their uses. In fact, the object of the study of internal debt also includes direct loans, secured loans, etc. Lastly, it is a tough challenge to take in making an analysis of modem China's internal debt by using the contemporary theory on public debt, to serve the purpose of today's economic construction. Since the 1980s, China has taken the application of the policy of public debt as an important measure to speed up modem socialist construction, thus expanding the scope of national debt gradually. Especially after 1998, thanks to its active financial policies, China has maintained the relatively high rate of loaning for successive four years, with the balance of national debt increasing from 777 billion yuan at the end of 1998 to 1870 billion yuan at the end of 2001. With the rapid expansion of government loaning, its risks have kept increasing. In this connection, it is a challenge for both theorists and practitioners to tackle the problem: how to keep an appropriate rate of the increase of national debt and establish a reasonable structure of national debt in order to guard against and eliminate the financial risks.

【关 键 词】公债/内债/财政/近代中国

  public debt/internal debt/finance/modem China

【 正 文】
  公债问题,是近代中国经济史上一个十分重要的问题,它对1949年以前历届政府的财政、金融社会经济影响至深。对近代中国的外债(国外公债)研究,学术界开展得较早,中外学者关注较多,至今已是硕果累累。比较而言,对近代中国的内债(国内公债)研究相对缺乏,系统、专门的研究尚不多见。有鉴于此,本文拟对20世纪近代中国内债史研究的学术演变作一回顾,并对未来内债史研究的发展趋势作一展望,以期对近代中国内债史研究有所推动。

      一、概念的厘清

  按照公债经济学的界定,公债是

[1] [2] [3] [4] [5]  下一页

 3000万硕士、博士、期刊论文全文下载  论文发表:快速、低价、优质
提供60万硕士论文、10万博士论文、2700万期刊论文全文下载服务,助您一臂之力! 十年的论文发表经验,快捷的论文发表服务,保证所发表的杂志均为正规合法的期刊,收费同行最低!
[本文关键字] 近代 近代中国 国内 公债
[版权说明]《近代中国国内公债史研究》论文版权属于作者本人,您可以参考本论文进行论文创作,但不得抄袭、复制!本站免费论文主要来源于用户投稿(投稿网址),如果涉及到侵权问题,请联系lunwentianxia_card@163.com删除。
  近代论文   近代中国论文
·从启蒙到体制化:晚清近代农学的兴起
·中国近代银行业的发展道路
·王树楠与近代中国西部开发
·环境史视野下的近代中国农村市场——以华北为中心
·论儒学的实用理性主义与近代实证主义的会通
·王树楠与近代中国西部开发
·环境史视野下的近代中国农村市场——以华北为中心
·论近代中国乡村“半工业化”的兴衰——以华北乡村手工
·对近代中国宏观经济运行的实证分析(1927—193
·近代中国国民消费需求总额估算
  国内论文   公债论文
·国内游资对经济的影响及其引导
·试论我国国内旅游业发展的现状、趋势及对策
·论国际条约在国内执行的立法实践
·国内敦煌民族史研究述要(一)
·近十年来国内商会史研究的突破和反思
·论地方公债发行的必要性和可行性
·论公债融资对经济增长的影响
·公债法律制度的完善
·我国发行地方公债的理论依据和可行性研究
·清末公债的经济分析
  推荐期刊投稿
·经济地理
·图书发行研究
·焊接
·扬州大学学报(自然科学版)
·Journal of Micro
·水电站设计
·农业发展与金融
·西安交通大学学报
·催化学报
·山东经济
 
·中国公共卫生
·延安大学学报(医学科学版)
·理论视野
·实用放射学杂志
·湖南水利水电
·中国高新技术企业
·气象与环境学报
·社会科学管理与评论
·半导体学报
·现代医学仪器与应用
 
·中国水产
·光电技术应用
·辣椒杂志
·中国文物科学研究
·湖南电力
·煤炭经济研究
·消防月刊
·江苏政协
·数字生活
·Chinese Journal of L
   免费论文
公共管理 | 法学 | 理学 | 医药学
政治 | 社会学 | 文学 | 艺术 | 哲学
工学 | 计算机 | 文化 | 英语论文
经济学 | 财政 税收 | 证券金融
管理学 | 会计审计 | 工商管理 | 教育
财务管理 | 论文写作指导 | 应用文
   收费论文
马列毛邓 | 哲学宗教 | 社会科学
政治法律 | 军 事 | 经 济
文化科学教育体育 | 语言文字
文学 | 艺术 | 历史地理 | 自然科学
数理化 | 天文 | 生物科学 | 医药卫生
农业科学 | 工业技术 | 交通运输
航空航天 | 环境安全
   浏览历史

联系论文网 | 收费论文 | 发表论文 | 论文翻译 | 友情链接 | 全部分类 | 网站地图 | 期刊导航
版权所有 2008-2018 论文天下 www.lunwentianxia.com 京ICP备08104503号
.3007813